Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the center of Ba Dinh Square where Uncle Ho read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
The Mausoleum is located in Ho Chi Minh complex including Presidential Palace, Uncle Ho’s House on Stilt, Ho Chi Minh Museum where the majority of tourists “must see” in Hanoi city tour.
Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum Highlights
Construction of the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum began a few years after Ho’s death in 1969 – workers broke ground on September 2, 1973 and officially finished upon the mausoleum’s inauguration on August 29, 1975.
The Mausoleum, which was made of marble and granite, features a three-stored structure. In the second store places the famous President’s body, lying as if he were sleeping in the simple clothes worn when he was alive. Outside, visitors can see his popular quote “Khong co gi quy hon doc lap tu do” (translated as “Nothing is more precious than independence and freedom”) on the top face of the mausoleum. In front of the mausoleum is the 79 cycad trees, symbolizing Uncle Ho’s 79 springs of life. The two bamboo ranges on the two sides whistle in the wind to commemorate the President!
The materials that constitute the building, from exterior granite to interior wood, were contributed by people from all over the country. Even the garden that surrounded the Mausoleum has a collection of plants and bonsais donated from all regions in Vietnam. This shows the Vietnamese’s wish to forever keep their dear father/grandfather company. In fact, the construction of the Mausoleum was against Ho Chi Minh’s will. As he passed away, he wished to be cremated and his cremation to be scattered all over the country, so that land can be saved for agricultural production.
Opening time: 5 days per week, except Monday and Friday
Cold seasons (from November to March): 8:00 a.m – 11:00 a.m
Hot seasons (from April to October): 7:30 a.m – 10:30 a.m
Closed once per year in October/ November/ or December for the body maintenance
Note: No camera, cell phone, bare-shoulder T-shirts, or mini skirts are allowed inside. Taking photos, talking or finger-pointing are strictly prohibited inside the mausoleums.